Download E-books The Fleece & Fiber Sourcebook: More Than 200 Fibers, from Animal to Spun Yarn PDF

By Carol Ekarius, Deborah Robson

This unique encyclopedia shines a focus on greater than 2 hundred animals and their wondrous fleece. Profiling a global array of fiber-producers that comes with northern Africa’s dromedary camel, the Navajo churro, and the Tasmanian merino, Carol Ekarius and Deborah Robson comprise images of every animal’s fleece at each degree of the handcrafting technique, from uncooked to wiped clean, spun, and woven. The Fleece & Fiber Sourcebook is an artist’s guide, shuttle consultant, and spinning enthusiast’s final reference resource all in one. 

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Wool fibers are particularly fine and identified for his or her crimp and elasticity. (Even wool fibers identified as coarse have diameters which are approximately part the scale of the diameter of human hair. ) as well as wool fibers, sheep could have hair fibers, that are instantly, tender, and inelastic. those hairs usually are not simply coarser than wool fibers, but additionally superior. a few fibers also are referred to as medullated (or med fibers), simply because they've got an extra imperative constitution known as a medulla. The note kemp refers back to the heaviest and coarsest of all hair fibers. Kemp fibers are frequently a lot shorter than the opposite wool and hair fibers in a fleece, even if they might additionally turn into fairly lengthy (see the South Wales Mountain pattern on web page 221), and so they have a selected fault which may spoil definite tasks: They don’t reveal dyed shades good. also they are prickly and most sensible kept away from in initiatives that would be worn close to the outside. Kemp isn’t all undesirable, although. Its very nature of strange dye absorption is usually necessary, as within the construction of actual tweeds. Shepherds who're fascinated with fiber construction for handspinning often don’t have kempy fleeces. They select breeds with out a lot kemp first of all, they usually make breeding decisions to lessen it. yet occasionally green manufacturers, or those that make breeding offerings in response to different components, may well shear fleeces that comprise a substantial amount of kemp. additionally, a few of the coarser-fibered and older breeds that we actually love, comparable to the Karakuls or the Scottish Blackfaces, may possibly clearly have plenty of kemp. Kemp has a brief development cycle and does are likely to shed, specifically within the spring, so by means of ready a bit later to shear, a shepherd can get a fleece with much less kemp in it. Sheep are usually not the single animals to have either hair and wool-type fibers (often came across as a smooth undercoat or down on different critters), however the time period wool is more often than not utilized to sheep than to different animals. even if the fiber is termed wool, down, or hair, it grows from follicles. Follicles can be found within the dermis, or the skinny floor layer of the animal’s epidermis, yet because the fibers develop, they strength their approach either up out of the outside and down into the deeper skin layer. Fiber Fascination nine There are varieties of follicles: basic and secondary. basic follicles can produce all 3 sorts of fibers, whereas secondary follicles produce purely actual wool in sheep, or down fibers in species akin to alpacas and yaks. Secondary follicles don’t begin generating until eventually a pair weeks after beginning, so infants as a rule have the next percent of med and kemp fibers at beginning. All animal fibers have an outer layer known as the cuticle, which has scales like a fish’s, and an internal layer referred to as the cortex. As we’ve pointed out, in a few fibers there's additionally a principal center contained in the cortex referred to as the medulla. Kemp fibers, which might be as coarse as human hairs, may have up to 60 percentage in their diameter taken up by means of the medulla. The cortex is what offers wool its energy, elasticity, and sturdiness. The medulla, while current, is spongy.

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