Get Lebensstandard im Römischen Reich: Mit praktischen PDF

By Roman Büttner

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2008 im Fachbereich Geschichte - Weltgeschichte - Frühgeschichte, Antike, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Die Betrachtung der Lebensverhältnisse von Menschen in der Geschichte stellt eine der interessantesten und zugleich schwierigsten Bereiche der modernen historischen Forschung dar. Die literarischen Quellen, die für die Antike überliefert sind, stammen größtenteils aus den Kreisen finanziell besser gestellter Personen. Die Frage, wie der Alltag des Großteils der doch eher bescheiden lebenden Menschen ausgesehen hat, verlangt daher nach einer anderen Betrachtungsweise.

Diese Arbeit zeichnet die Lebenswelt der ärmeren Bevölkerung des Römischen Reiches nach. Dabei erfolgt zunächst eine historische Verortung des Begriffes „Lebensstandard“, dann wird auf die Bedeutung der Lohnarbeit in der römischen Antike eingegangen, auf die dann eine Darstellung möglicher methodischer Zugänge zu dem Komplex des "historischen Lebensstandards" folgt.

Den Kern und Abschluss der Arbeit stellt jedoch ein fiktives, aber auf einzelnen historischen Quellen basierendes "Was wäre wenn"-Szenario dar, das auf praktische Weise untersucht, wie der Lebensstandard eines einfachen Arbeiters in Pompeji in der Kaiserzeit ausgesehen haben und wie er sich infolge äußerer Einflüsse verändert haben könnte. So werden historische Spielräume und Handlungsmöglichkeiten der ärmeren Bevölkerung sichtbar. Lohn- und Preisangaben verschiedener Quellen finden bei diesen Erwägungen selbstverständlich Berücksichtigung.

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Download e-book for kindle: Histoire des Etrusques (TEMPUS) (French Edition) by Jean-Marc IROLLO

By Jean-Marc IROLLO

Un récit incluant les dernières découvertes sur les Etrusques. Une nouveauté dans ce domaine peu connu de l'Antiquité.

Apparus au VIIIe siècle avant Jésus-Christ, les Etrusques dominent presque toute l'Italie avant de se fondre dans le moule imposé par Rome. Lorsque, à los angeles Renaissance, on découvre leurs tombes en Toscane, ces demeures funéraires parfaitement conservées offrent le spectacle d'une vie raffinée. Scènes de banquets, events de chasse ou de pêche, danses, jeux ornent les murs à fresques et racontent un peuple jusqu'alors ignoré.
Les Etrusques n'ont pas fini d'intriguer. Qui sont-ils ? D'où viennent-ils ? Les hypothèses les plus variées courent sur leur origine mystérieuse. Leurs écrits ont disparu. On ne sait d'eux que ce que les Grecs ou les Romains nous en disent. Ce peuple singulier fut pourtant, à son apogée, puissant et craint par ses voisins.
Jean-Marc Irollo ressuscite cette civilisation en lui redonnant sa juste position dans l. a. formation de notre tradition occidentale et dans les arts.

D'origine toscane, Jean-Marc Irollo est historien de l'art et parcourt, depuis plus de vingt ans, l'Etrurie des Anciens sur les strains de civilisations etrusque et romaine. Il travaille au musée du Louvre.

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Download PDF by April D DeConick,Grant Adamson: Histories of the Hidden God: Concealment and Revelation in

By April D DeConick,Grant Adamson

In Western spiritual traditions, God is conventionally conceived as a humanlike author, lawgiver, and king, a being either obtainable and actively found in historical past. but there's a concurrent and powerful culture of a God who actively hides. the 2 traditions have ended in a stress among a God who's concurrently available to humanity and but inaccessible, a God who's either immanent and transcendent, current and absent. Western Gnostic, esoteric, and mystical considering capitalizes at the hidden and hiding God. He turns into the hallmark of the mystics, Gnostics, sages, and artists who try and make obtainable to people the God who's secreted away. 'Histories of the Hidden God' explores this custom from antiquity to this day. The essays concentrate on 3 crucial subject matters: the concealment of the hidden God; the human quest for the hidden God, and revelations of the hidden God.

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Download PDF by E. A. Wallis Budge: The Decrees of Memphis and Canopus: Vol. I (Routledge

By E. A. Wallis Budge

This is the 1st of 3 volumes exploring probably the most striking insights into historical Egypt to have come to mild nowa days. the 1st volumes take care of the Rosetta Stone, a great archaeological discovery that has provided the root for Egyptian decipherment; the ultimate quantity explores the "Stele of Canopus", came across in 1866.

The value of the Rosetta Stone lies within the 3 diversified languages which are inscribed onto it: Koine Greek, Demotic Egyptian, and, crucially, Hieroglyphic. This has facilitated an unlimited elevate in our knowing of the sacred language of historical Egypt, in addition to improving our realizing of the character of kingship at a time of colossal cultural transformation.

First released in 1904, this reissue offers an obtainable basic creation to this attention-grabbing topic, precious for the beginner fanatic in addition to undergraduate scholars.

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The Alamanni and Rome 213-496 (Caracalla to Clovis) - download pdf or read online

By John F. Drinkwater

The Alamanni and Rome focuses upon the tip of the Roman Empire. From the 3rd century advert, barbarians attacked after which overran the west. Some--Goths, Franks, Saxons--are renowned, others much less so. The latter contain the Alamanni, even though their identify is located within the French ("Allemagne") and Spanish ("Alemania") for "Germany." This pioneering examine, the 1st in English, makes use of new ancient and archaeological findings to reconstruct the origins of the Alamanni, their settlements, their politics, and their society, and to set up the character in their courting with Rome. John Drinkwater discovers the reason for their sleek elusiveness of their excessive point of dependence at the Empire. faraway from being risky invaders, they have been frequently the prey of emperors motive on buying army reputations. while a lot of the western Empire fell to the Franks, so did the Alamanni, with no ever having produced their very own "successor kingdom."

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Ian Hughs's Imperial Brothers: Valentinian, Valens and the Disaster at PDF

By Ian Hughs

The most recent of Ian Hughes' past due Roman biographies the following tackles the careers of the brother emperors, Valentinian and Valens. Valentian used to be chosen and proclaimed as emperor in advert 364, whilst the Empire was once nonetheless reeling from the disastrous defeat and demise in conflict of Julian the Apostate (363) and the fast reign of his murdered successor, Jovian (364). With the Empire weakened and prone to a positive Persia within the East and opportunistic Germanic tribes alongside the Rhine and Danube frontiers, let alone usurpers and rebellions inside of, it was once no longer an enviable place. Valentian determined the accountability needed to be divided (not for the 1st or final time) and appointed his brother as his co-emperor to rule the japanese 1/2 the Empire. 

Valentinian went directly to stabilize the Western Empire, quelling insurrection in North Africa, defeating the 'Barbarian Conspiracy' that attacked Britain in 367 and accomplishing winning wars opposed to the Germanic Alemanni, Quadi and Saxons; he's remembered by means of historical past as a robust and winning Emperor. Valens nevertheless, fare much less good and is such a lot remembered for his (mis)treatment of the Goths who sought safe haven in the Empire's borders from the westward-moving Huns. Valens mishandling of this example ended in the conflict of Adrianople in 378, the place he used to be killed and Rome suffered one of many worst defeats in her lengthy heritage, usually visible because the 'beginning of the top' for the Western Roman empire. Ian Hughes, by way of tracing the careers of either males in tandem, compares their achievements and analyzes the level to which they deserve the contrasting reputations passed down by means of history.

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Democracy in Classical Athens (Classical World) - download pdf or read online

By Christopher Carey

for 2 centuries classical Athens loved nearly uninterrupted democratic executive. This was once no longer a parliamentary democracy of the trendy kind yet an immediate democracy within which all electorate have been unfastened to take part within the company of presidency. all through this era Athens used to be the cultural centre of Greece and one of many significant Greek powers. This publication lines the improvement and operation of the political method and explores its underlying rules. Christopher Carey assesses the traditional assets of the background of Athenian democracy and evaluates criticisms of the approach, historic and sleek. He additionally presents a digital journey of the political cityscape of historical Athens, describing the most political websites and constructions, together with the theatre.

With a brand new bankruptcy masking faith within the democratic urban, this moment variation advantages from updates all through that include the most recent examine and up to date archaeological findings in Athens. A clearer constitution and format make the ebook extra obtainable to scholars, as do additional photographs and maps in addition to a timeline of key events.

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„Der Repetundenprozess des Catilina“ (German Edition) - download pdf or read online

By Arne Ostheim

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2006 im Fachbereich Geschichte - Weltgeschichte - Frühgeschichte, Antike, observe: 1,7, Universität Rostock (Heinrich-Schliemann-Institut für Altertumswissenschaften), Veranstaltung: Die Verschwörung des Catilina, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: 1. Einleitung

Die vorliegende Arbeit beschäftigt sich mit einem besonderen Kapitel des römischen Rechtssystems. Die Prozesse gegen römische Statthalter, die die ihnen unterstellten Provinzen ausgebeutet hatten: den Repetundenprozessen. Das Hauptaugenmerk der vorliegenden Quelle und dieser Arbeit liegen auf dem Repetun-denprozess gegen Lucius Sergius Catilina.
Der Forschungsstand in der Literatur ist sehr umfassend und bietet ein breites Wissen um die Entstehungsgeschichte des Repetundenprozesses und dessen Wandel in der römischen Geschichte. Es gibt aber in der Literatur strittige Fälle, die unter den Historikern diskutiert werden. Ein Beispiel für diese Strittigkeit ist die Frage nach den Beweggründen Ciceros sich gegen eine Verteidigung Catilinas in dessen Repetundenprozess zu entscheiden, obwohl er dies ernsthaft in Erwägung gezogen hatte. Im Rahmen dieser Differenzen ist eine genauere Betrachtung der Quellen von Nöten, da häufig die römische Geschichtsschreibung durch subjektive Meinungen ergänzt wurde.
Um einen Einblick in das Repetundenverfahren zu gewinnen und einen Bezug zu Catilina herzustellen, soll zunächst die historische Entwicklung der Repetundenprozesse betrachtet werden. Es wird gezeigt, was once der Grund für das Verfahren gegen Catilina struggle und wie sich der Prozess entwickelte. Hierbei soll ein Erklärungsversuch für die Motivation Ciceros, Catilina nicht zu verteidigen, gegeben werden. Abschließend wird Bilanz gezogen und die Folgen des Repetundenprozesses für Catilina dargelegt werden.
In dieser Arbeit wird nicht auf einzelne Prozesse oder auf die Auswirkungen auf das weitere Handeln Catilinas bzw. die Verschwörung eingegangen.

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Download e-book for kindle: Conquest and Domination in Early China: Rise and Demise of by Ralph Sawyer

By Ralph Sawyer

Conquest and Domination examines the method and actors instrumental within the Chou’s (Zhou’s) outstanding upward thrust from an vague extended family of doubtful situation to their superb conquest of the effective Shang on the decisive conflict of Mu-yeh in 1045 BCE. established upon conventional historic literature, wide archaeological fabrics, and modern bronze inscriptions, the 1st part lines their early migrations and slow acquisition of strength and territory via either political and army capacity prior to reading the various actual, tactical, and mental components that contributed to their luck. the second one half is dedicated to reprising and figuring out the uprising that arose inside many years, with the 3rd chronicling the army actions of the approximately 3 centuries sooner than the Western Chou’s hugely melodramatic yet ignominious cave in. the ultimate part is dedicated to puzzling over a number of an important elements and elevating questions on the period’s historical past. specific emphasis is put applying the insights that may be gleaned from conventional chinese language army technology and knowing the significance of advancements from in the next historic perspective.

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Download e-book for iPad: The Battle of Marathon in Scholarship: Research, Theories by Dennis L. Fink

By Dennis L. Fink

this can be a thorough historiographic assessment of the conflict of Marathon. complete use is made from the main historic resources and the talk over the worth of Herodotus. The ebook covers the increase of the Persian Empire, relatives among the Greeks and the Persian Empire and the Ionian insurrection that set the level for the Persian day trip in 490 that resulted in the conflict of Marathon. The e-book additionally examines the improvement of the Persian and Greek army structures, guns, armor, battling types and armed forces tactics.
The conflict itself is defined in addition to the various questions, controversies and conflicting theories surrounding it, together with an evidence of why the Athenians have been capable of defeat the effective Persian Empire. the ultimate bankruptcy offers with the problem of the significance of the conflict. The 1190 endnotes and bibliography of greater than four hundred assets courting from the 1850s to 2012 will permit readers to do extra learn on any of the themes covered.

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