By Rafae Torrubia
By Rafae Torrubia
By Elin Skaar,Camila Gianella Malca,Trine Eide
After Violence: Transitional Justice, Peace, and Democracy examines the results of transitional justice at the improvement of peace and democracy. expected contributions of transitional justice mechanisms are mostly said in common phrases, with little regard for traditionally particular contexts. but a fact fee, for instance, do not have an identical functionality in a society torn through long term civil battle or genocide as in a society rising from authoritarian repression. Addressing trials, reparations, fact commissions, and amnesties, the booklet systematically addresses the reports of 4 very varied modern transitional justice instances: post-authoritarian Uruguay and Peru and post-conflict Rwanda and Angola. Its research demonstrates that context is an important determinant of the effect of transitional justice procedures, and identifies particular contextual hindrances and boundaries to those procedures. The booklet may be of a lot curiosity to students within the fields of transitional justice and peacebuilding, in addition to scholars more often than not excited about human rights and democratisation.
By Mervyn Frost
By Samuel Fleischacker
Taking the identify of his ebook from Isaiah Berlin's well-known essay distinguishing a unfavorable inspiration of liberty connoting loss of interference by way of others from a good idea related to participation within the political realm, Samuel Fleischacker explores a 3rd definition of liberty that lies among the 1st . In Fleischacker's view, Kant and Adam Smith contemplate liberty as a question of performing on our ability for judgment, thereby differing either from those that tie it to the pride of our wishes and those that translate it as motion in response to cause or "will." Integrating the idea of Kant and Smith, and constructing his personal stand via readings of the Critique of Judgment and The Wealth of Nations, Fleischacker indicates how diversified performing on one's most sensible judgment is from performing on one's desires--how, specifically, common sense, rather than mere hope, can flourish in simple terms in favorable social and political stipulations. even as, exercise judgment is anything each person needs to do for him- or herself, therefore now not anything that philosophers and politicians who cause larger than the remainder of us can do in our stead.
For this cause advocates of a liberty according to judgment usually are extra involved than are libertarians to ensure that executive offers individuals with stipulations for using their liberty--for instance, first-class criteria of schooling, healthiness care, and unemployment insurance--while even as selling a much less paternalistic view of presidency than lots of the routine linked for the previous thirty years with the political left.
By Bruce P. Frohnen,Kenneth L. Grasso
By Almerindo E. Ojeda
It is, in a few circles, known as No-Touch Torture. but it brings ache and harm that may final an entire life. mental torture suggestions - that have a background of use by means of U.S. forces globally trailing a ways into the previous past Guantanamo and Abu Ghraib - contain numerous equipment from mock executions, serious humiliation, and mind-altering medicines, to compelled self-induced soreness, sensory disorientation together with loud track and lightweight keep watch over, and exploitation of private or cultural phobias. it's no coincidence, for instance, that non-public Lynndie England used to be noticeable in Abu Ghraib photographs, which stunned the area, with Arab prisoners compelled bare right into a pile or led like canines by means of leash. Arabs have powerful religious ideals concerning the humiliation of public nudity, and still have a powerful cultural worry of canines. those recommendations are neither staggering nor specific to England if one has reasonable wisdom of the U.S. heritage of sanctioned mental torture innovations, say the specialists at the back of this ebook. Having reached a joint crescendo of intolerance and horror, students from around the country met in 2006 for a convention on mental torture and what could be performed to forestall the perform. They trust Alberto Mora, the U.S. Navy's basic counsel, who fought to forestall the Pentagon-sanctioned mental torture at Guantanamo. Cruelty disfigures our nationwide personality. the place cruelty exists, legislation doesn't, Mora acknowledged. This ebook is the joint attempt of these students, from the collage of California middle for the learn of Human Rights within the Americas, to Harvard scientific college, to color a transparent photo of mental torture, its longterm impacts, and spur motion to prevent the practice.
The especially American type of mental torture has 4 features that make it beautiful to the CIA and different supporters, say the authors. it truly is elusive - lacks the transparent symptoms of actual abuse so eludes detection and complicates research, prosecution, or makes an attempt at prohibition. it really is shrouded - in medical patina that makes it attract coverage makers and avoids the most obvious actual brutality unpalatable to most of the people. it's adaptable - as proven by way of searing options through the CIA throughout forty years. And it really is damaging - may cause psychosis and different mental problems or, in additional critical situations, demise. whereas, in public, U.S. officers highlight and help laws that has banned actual torture, way more clandestine political, army, and CIA actions are refining and extending using mental torture. This booklet features a short background of sanctioned mental experiments and activities to torture, in addition to CIA examine outsourced to top U.S. universities that produced what the authors name key findings that ended in the 1st actual revolution within the merciless technology of ache in centuries. historic info right here contains a precis of a decade of mind-control study through the CIA that during 1963 ended in the KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation guide. This quantity represents a outstanding collaboration of distinctive psychologists, psychiatrists, neurobiologists, legal professionals, historians, and a semanticist. The booklet closes with case reviews of the mental torture of Mohammed al-Qahtani, the alleged twentieth hijacker within the Sep 11 assaults, and of Salim Hamdan, the alleged driving force of Osama bin encumbered. This paintings should be soaking up to any reader drawn to human rights, covert politics now and throughout heritage, army technology, psychology, or psychiatry.
By Po Jen Yap,Holning Lau
This edited quantity is a well timed and insightful contribution to the starting to be discourses on public legislations in Asia. Surveying many vital jurisdictions in Asia together with mainland China, Hong Kong, India, Malaysia, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan, the ebook addresses contemporary advancements and reviews within the box of public curiosity litigation. The ebook deals a comparative viewpoint on public legislations, asking the most important questions on the function of the kingdom and the way inner most voters round Asia have more and more used the varieties, methods and substance of public legislation to increase public and political aims.
In addition to addressing particular jurisdictions in Asia, the ebook contains a precious and advent that highlights local traits in Asia. within the jurisdictions profiled, transnational public curiosity litigation developments have commingled with neighborhood dynamics. This quantity sheds mild on how that commingling has produced either felony advancements that reduce throughout Asian jurisdictions in addition to advancements which are distinct to every of the jurisdictions studied.
By Arne Hoffmann
Darum geht es in "Plädoyer für eine linke Männerpolitik"
Laut einer am 23. Januar 2014 von der "Zeit" veröffentlichten Umfrage des Meinungsforschungsinstituts YouGov ist eine große Mehrheit von seventy two Prozent der Meinung, dass in der Sexismus-Diskussion die Männer zu kurz kommen. Frauen sehen dies mit seventy five Prozent sogar noch häufiger als Männer (68 Prozent).
Einer wenige Monate zuvor veröffentlichten Allensbach-Umfrage zufolge fühlen sich seventy six Prozent der Männer "wenigstens ab und zu gegenüber Frauen benachteiligt".
Von der Politik werden diese Mehrheiten bislang ignoriert.
Stattdessen verfährt unsere Geschlechterpolitik seit über forty Jahren nach dem Motto: "Frauen und Mädchen haben Probleme, Männer und Jungen sind Probleme. Frauen muss geholfen werden, Männer werden schon irgendwie alleine klar kommen." Es ist höchste Zeit, diese sexistische Einseitigkeit zu beenden.
"Für jemanden wie mich, für den Antidiskriminierungspolitik und Menschenrechte wichtige Themenfelder sind", erklärt Arne Hoffmann im Vorwort seines Buches, "kommen beide, sobald es um Männer geht, deutlich zu kurz. Meine zentrale those lautet: Ein Mensch, der diskriminiert wird, zum Opfer wird oder aus anderen Gründen leidet, verdient Zuwendung und Unterstützung unabhängig von seinem Geschlecht. Wünschenswert und notwendig wäre es, Benachteiligungen, soziale Problemlagen und Menschenrechtsverletzungen in Bezug auf beide Geschlechter zu erforschen, herauszufinden, was once die möglicherweise vielfältigen Ursachen dafür sind, und realistische Lösungsstrategien zu entwickeln, die dann in einer gerechten Politik zur Anwendung kommen. Sinnvoll wäre ein integraler Antisexismus, additionally die Bekämpfung von Sexismus gegen beide Geschlechter statt gegen Frauenfeindlichkeit allein."
"Plädoyer für eine linke Männerpolitik" ist die ungekürzte Originalfassung des Buches "Not am Mann", das im Gütersloher Verlagshaus erschienen ist.
Die Männerrechtsbewegung (Maskulismus) stellt die derzeit overseas am schnellsten wachsende Bewegung dar – der Geschlechterforscher Arne Hoffmann ist einer ihrer Vordenker in Deutschland. Sein weblog Genderama versteht sich als Sprachrohr des linken Flügels dieser Bewegung und eröffnete die Debatte, wie eine linke Männerrechtspolitik aussehen kann. Hoffmann veröffentlichte einige Dutzend Bücher bei renommierten Verlagen, darunter mehrere Bestseller. Artikel über seine Bücher wurden zu Titelgeschichten der verschiedensten Zeitschriften vom concentration bis zur COSMOPOLITAN. Hoffmanns Zweitblog "Hinter meinem Schreibtisch" wurde von der Süddeutschen Zeitung zur kritischen Beschäftigung mit den Thesen Thilo Sarrazins empfohlen.
By Elizabeth Beaumont
By Juergen Mackert,Bryan S. Turner
The Transformation of Citizenship addresses the elemental query of the way we will be able to make experience of citizenship within the twenty-first century. those volumes make a robust plea for a reorientation of the sociology of citizenship and tackle critical threats of an ongoing erosion of citizenship rights. Arguing from various clinical views, instead of supplying new conceptions of citizenship as supposedly extra enough types of rights, club and belonging, they care for either the methods citizenship is reworked and the methods it operates within the face of essentially remodeled stipulations.
This quantity Political Economy discusses manifold effects of a decades-long enforcement of neo-liberalism for the rights of electorate. As neo-liberalism not just capacity a brand new kind of economy, it needs to be conceived of as a completely new type of international, nearby and nationwide governance that noticeably transforms monetary, political and social kinfolk in society. Its outcomes for citizenship as a social establishment aren't any below dramatic. opposed to the history of either take place and ideological procedures the publication seems at if citizenship has misplaced the foundation it has rested upon for many years, or if the establishment itself is in a means of being essentially remodeled and restructured, thereby altering its which means and the importance of voters’ rights. This publication will entice teachers operating within the box of political conception, political sociology and eu studies.