By Almerindo E. Ojeda
It is, in a few circles, known as No-Touch Torture. but it brings ache and harm that may final an entire life. mental torture suggestions - that have a background of use by means of U.S. forces globally trailing a ways into the previous past Guantanamo and Abu Ghraib - contain numerous equipment from mock executions, serious humiliation, and mind-altering medicines, to compelled self-induced soreness, sensory disorientation together with loud track and lightweight keep watch over, and exploitation of private or cultural phobias. it's no coincidence, for instance, that non-public Lynndie England used to be noticeable in Abu Ghraib photographs, which stunned the area, with Arab prisoners compelled bare right into a pile or led like canines by means of leash. Arabs have powerful religious ideals concerning the humiliation of public nudity, and still have a powerful cultural worry of canines. those recommendations are neither staggering nor specific to England if one has reasonable wisdom of the U.S. heritage of sanctioned mental torture innovations, say the specialists at the back of this ebook. Having reached a joint crescendo of intolerance and horror, students from around the country met in 2006 for a convention on mental torture and what could be performed to forestall the perform. They trust Alberto Mora, the U.S. Navy's basic counsel, who fought to forestall the Pentagon-sanctioned mental torture at Guantanamo. Cruelty disfigures our nationwide personality. the place cruelty exists, legislation doesn't, Mora acknowledged. This ebook is the joint attempt of these students, from the collage of California middle for the learn of Human Rights within the Americas, to Harvard scientific college, to color a transparent photo of mental torture, its longterm impacts, and spur motion to prevent the practice.
The especially American type of mental torture has 4 features that make it beautiful to the CIA and different supporters, say the authors. it truly is elusive - lacks the transparent symptoms of actual abuse so eludes detection and complicates research, prosecution, or makes an attempt at prohibition. it really is shrouded - in medical patina that makes it attract coverage makers and avoids the most obvious actual brutality unpalatable to most of the people. it's adaptable - as proven by way of searing options through the CIA throughout forty years. And it really is damaging - may cause psychosis and different mental problems or, in additional critical situations, demise. whereas, in public, U.S. officers highlight and help laws that has banned actual torture, way more clandestine political, army, and CIA actions are refining and extending using mental torture. This booklet features a short background of sanctioned mental experiments and activities to torture, in addition to CIA examine outsourced to top U.S. universities that produced what the authors name key findings that ended in the 1st actual revolution within the merciless technology of ache in centuries. historic info right here contains a precis of a decade of mind-control study through the CIA that during 1963 ended in the KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation guide. This quantity represents a outstanding collaboration of distinctive psychologists, psychiatrists, neurobiologists, legal professionals, historians, and a semanticist. The booklet closes with case reviews of the mental torture of Mohammed al-Qahtani, the alleged twentieth hijacker within the Sep 11 assaults, and of Salim Hamdan, the alleged driving force of Osama bin encumbered. This paintings should be soaking up to any reader drawn to human rights, covert politics now and throughout heritage, army technology, psychology, or psychiatry.
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The Trauma of Psychological Torture (Disaster and Trauma Psychology) by Almerindo E. Ojeda